Pellworm is the third largest North Frisian island and relies on tourism and agriculture. According to census records 1,147 (2015) people live permanently on Pellworm. About 50 farms there are still engaged predominantly in livestock. 70 percent of their land farmers use as grassland . Dairy cows and beef cattle graze on the 37 square kilometers almost circular island. A 28 km long and eight meters high dike protects the island from the North Sea.
For more than 30 years, the island of Pellworm has been a pioneer in the renewable energy field. At the end of the 70s, the first small wind-energy systems were tested here. After 1983, a 300 kW solar power station appeared, complemented by three 25 kW wind-energy units. The electricity produced was used to supply the health resort. Since then, the plant has been renovated and enlarged several times and today it serves the E.ON group for the testing of ‘smart grids’ and modern storage technologies.
In the second half of the 90s, the Association of Ecological Economies, the Municipality and the electricity provider Schleswag set up an energy concept that enabled Pellworm to become energy self-sufficient. A public wind-park company was founded in order to exploit electricity production as a source of income.
In 2000, Pellworm became a decentralized project for EXPO. Together with that body, the municipality opened an energy office. A biogas expert assessment led to the installation of a public unit, local heating from which supplies the health centre. A round-table meeting brought together all operators and parties interested and involved in the energy sector and initiated further development of the energy concept that includes both an updating of the stock and a differentiated master plan. It brings together all groups concerned and by 2020 it should markedly improve not only the energy and climate balance but also on-site income.
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Wednesday, April 23rd, 2014